Ağu 302011

Pediatric Neurological Examination


Paul D. Larsen, M.D. University of Nebraska School of Medicine

Suzanne S. Stensaas, Ph.D. University of Utah School of Medicine


The “PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGIC EXAM: A NEURODEVELOPMENTAL APPROACH” uses over 145 video demonstrations and narrative descriptions in an online tutorial. It presents the neurological examination of the pediatric patient as couched within the context of neurodevelopmental milestones for Newborns, 3 month-olds, 6 month-olds, 12 month-olds, 18 month-olds, and 2-and-a-half year-olds.


In assessing the child’s developmental level, the examiner must know the age when key social, motor, and language skills are normally acquired. The normal neurological findings one would expect for a newborn are certainly different than a 2, 6 or 12-month-old infant. Obtaining developmental milestones is an important reflection of the maturation of the child’s nervous system, and assessing development is an essential part of the pediatric neurological examination. Delay in obtaining developmental milestones and abnormal patterns of development are important indicators of underlying neurological disease.



Developmental Anatomy

New Born – Normal

Newborn – Abnormal

3 Month Old – Normal

6 Month Old – Normal

12 Month Old – Normal

18 Month Old – Normal

2½ Year Old – Normal

A companion website to the Pediatric Neurological Examination is the Adult Neurologic Examination, where the anatomical foundations of the neurologic exam are presented and examples of both normal and abnormal patient conditions are exhibited.

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