May 252011
 

ABD’deki ihtisas programları Türkiye’dekilerle bazı farklılıklar göstermektedir. Bu farklılıklardan biri de birçoğumuzun aklını karıştıran eğitim süresidir.

Branşlara göre ihtisas eğitimi süresi şu şekildedir:

Specialty Duration of Training
Allergy and Immunology 2 years
(Requires completion of three year internal medicine or pediatric residency.)
Anesthesiology 4 years
Colon and Rectal Surgery 1 or 2 years
(Following completion of a general surgery residency.)
Critical Care Medicine 1 or 2 years
(Following completion of an anesthiology or internal medicine residency)
Dermatology 4 years
(Programs may be four years, or three years following one year in another type of training program.)
Dermatopathology 1-2 years
(Requires completion of a dermatology or pathology residency.)
Emergency Medicine 3 years
Family Medicine 3 years
General Surgery 5-6 years
Infectious Disease 2 years
(Requires completion of an internal medicine residency.)
Internal Medicine 3 years
Neurological Surgery 5 years
(Requires completion of one year general surgery training.)
Neurology 4 years
(Programs may be four years, or three years following one year in internal medicine, or another type of training program.)
Nuclear Medicine 3 years
(Requires completion of two years preparatory training that provides broad experience in clinical medicine.)
Obstetrics-Gynecology 4 years
(Programs may be four years, or three years following one year in another type of training program.)
Ophthalmology 4 years
(Programs may be four years, or three years following one year in another type of training program.)
Orthopedic Surgery 5 years
(Program may be four years when preceded by general medical specialty residency. Five years includes one year of non-orthopedic and four years of orthopedic education.)
Otolaryngology 5 years
(Three years progressive training and one additional year in another type of training program. Requires at least one year of general surgery.)
Pathology 4 years
(Most programs are four years which includes training in both anatomic and clinical pathology. Some may be three years for either anatomical or clinical alone.)
Pediatrics 3 years
Physical and Rehabilitative Medicine 4 years
(Programs may be four years, or three years following one year in another type of training program.)
Plastic Surgery 6-7 years
(Requires a minimum of three years training in a general surgery residency or completion of otolaryngology or orthopedics residency.)
Preventive Medicine Variable years
(Requires completion of (1) clinical phase i.e., at least one year of training in family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics, or transitional year program, (2) academic phase-Master’s of Public Health, (3) practicum phase-one year of supervised application of skills within a field of special study. Types of preventive medicine residencies are (1) public health and general preventive medicine, (2)occupational medicine, (3) aerospace medicine.)
Psychiatry 4 years
(Program may be four years, or three years following one year of another type of training program.)
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 5 years
(Requires two years general psychiatry and two years child/adolescent psychiatry following one year of another type of training program.)
Pulmonary Medicine 2 years
(Following completion of a general surgery residency.)
Diagnostic Radiology 4 years
(Program may be four years, or three years following one year in another type of training program.)
Radiation Oncology 4 years
Rheumatology 2 years
(Following completion of an internal medicine residency.)
Thoracic Surgery 2 to 3 years
(Requires completion of a general surgery residency.)
Transitional Year 1 year
(Formerly referred to as “flexible year.”)
Urology 5 years
(Requires two years of general surgery followed by three years of clinical urology training.)
Vascular Surgery 1 or 2 years
(Following completion of a general surgery residency.)

 

Anesteziden dermatolojiye, kadın doğumdan cerrahiye asistan eğitimi programlarına daha ayrıntılı bakış için http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/about-ama/our-people/member-groups-sections/minority-affairs-consortium/transitioning-residency/residency-programs-an-inside-look.page bağlantısına tıklayınız.

Nilüfer Yalçın
USMLE Strateji Merkezi | USMER

 

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